Divertimenti for Strings and Wind

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Divertimenti for Strings and Wind

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dc.contributor.other Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart es
dc.contributor.other Academy of St Martin in the Fieldsʾ Chamber Ensemble es
dc.coverage.spatial London - England es
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-28T23:08:56Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-28T23:08:56Z
dc.date.copyright 1990 es
dc.date.issued 2012-07-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1223
dc.description.abstract The Serenade in G major (1787), the most enduringly popular of all of Mozart's works, was written during the a period when the composer was also hard at work on his opera Don Giovanni. The title "Eine kleine Nachtmusik" (A Little Night Music) is Mozart's own; "Nachtmusik" was actually a common designation for serenades of this type. While Mozart composed several such works during his years in Salzburg, the Serenade in G is unique to the period of his residence in Vienna (1781-1791). The work differs from Mozart's earlier serenades in its comparatively lean scoring: two violins, viola, cello, and double bass. Mozart's entry for this work in his catalogue shows that the work originally had five movements; the original second movement, a minuet, was later removed. The specific occasion for which the Serenade was written is not known, but some have suggested that the work's grace, elegance, and perfection of form were intended as an antidote to the deliberate banality and clumsiness of the composer's Ein musikalischer Spass (A musical joke), K. 522, composed some six weeks earlier. However, this seems to run counter to the character of a composer quite capable of unapologetically coarse musical humor (as in some of his vocal canons, for example). The musicologist Alfred Einstein, also makes the questionable assertion that Mozart wrote the Serenade to fulfill a personal inner need—if true, certainly atypical for a composer who rarely produced music without some external motivation or purpose, whether financial or otherwise. The extant movements of the Serenade are as follows: Allegro; Romance (Andante); Menuetto (Allegretto); and Rondo (Allegro). Mozart's Divertimento in D major, K. 136 (K.125a) is the first of a group of works collectively known as the "Salzburg" symphonies. These works stands apart from Mozart's remaining symphonies, in that they are set for strings alone, rather than for the otherwise customary mixed instrumentation including winds. A further point which separates these compositions from Mozart's others in the symphonic genre, is that they are comprised of just three, rather than four individual movements, each lacking the usual Minuet. And lastly, the compact three-movement form further distinguishes the "Salzburg" symphonies from Mozart's true Divertimentos and Serenades, which were mulit-movement creations on a large scale, regularly spanning six movements and sometimes even more. In keeping with Classical conventions, works such as these for string orchestra could also be played by the four voices of the string quartet when the occasion demanded. Indeeed, a likely explanation for the origin of these so-called "Quartet Divertimentos" is to be found in the facts of Mozart's life at the time of composition, early in 1772. Mozart was then just 16 years of age, and already held the post of Court Concertmaster to Hieronymus Coloredo, Prince Archbishop of Salzburg. This period fell between Mozart's second and third visits to Italy, where he may well have found the impulse to compose works in the style of the three-movement Sinfonias and Concerti Grossi which had been popular since the times of Corelli. This, however, is still a matter of considerable conjecture, and besides, had these been pieces to be played exclusively by solo instrumentalists, Mozart surely would have considered them as true string quartets. Mozart's Divertimento (125a) seems indeed to closely mirror the style of the Italian concertos for strings, which he must certainly have encountered during his several visits to Italy. The work consists of a lively opening Allegro, in simple sonata form; a charming central Andante; and a brilliant concluding Presto. It is interesting to compare this work with its close companion in B flat, K. 137, which follows a slightly different general scheme, in which the main Allegro is placed second, and follows (unusually) a first movement headed "Andante." The brilliant inventiveness and virtuosity of the D major Divertimento is, to echo the words of Alfred Einstein (writing about another closely related work, Mozart's perennial Eine kleine nachtmusik, the Serenade in G, K. 525) "a masterpiece of masterpieces, on the smallest possible scale." es
dc.description.tableofcontents Divertimenti for Strings and Wind CD 2 ''Eine kleine Nachtmusik'' KV 525 Serenade in G ; Allegro, Romance (Andante), Menuetto (Allegretto), Rondo (Allegro)-- Divertimento in D. KV 136 - 125a ; Allegro, Andante, Presto-- ''Ein musikalischer Spaß'' KV 522 ; Allegro, Menuetto (Maestoso, trio), Adagio cantabile, Presto-- es
dc.format.medium 1 CD Rom (48 min., 18 seg.) : Stereo ; 4 3/4 plg es
dc.language.iso en_US es
dc.rights Uninorte fm stereo es
dc.subject.lcc 22978167 es
dc.subject.lcsh Suites (Instrumental ensemble), Marches (Instrumental ensemble) es
dc.title Divertimenti for Strings and Wind es
dc.title.alternative Divertimenti Streicher und Bläser es
dc.title.alternative Divertimenti Cordes et Vent es
dc.title.alternative Divertimenti Archi e Fiati es
dc.language.rfc3066 eng es
dc.rights.holder Philips Classics Productions es
dc.identifier.classification 028942250420 es
dc.subject.cdu Mo.13 es


Files in this item

Files Length Size Format View Description
8. ''Ein musikalischer Spaß'' KV 522 - Allegro.mp3 4:48 6.580Mb Unknown mp3
9. ''Ein musika ... uetto (Maestoso, trio).mp3 6:10 8.470Mb Unknown mp3
''Ein musikalischer Spaß'' KV 522 - Completo.wav 21:08 213.3Mb WAV audio wav
1. ''Eine klein ... erenade in G - Allegro.mp3 5:46 7.922Mb Unknown mp3
2. ''Eine klein ... G - Romance (Andante).mp3 5:57 8.155Mb Unknown mp3
3. ''Eine klein ... Menuetto (Allegretto).mp3 2:05 2.863Mb Unknown mp3
4. ''Eine klein ... in G - Rondo (Allegro).mp3 3:54 5.363Mb Unknown mp3
5. Divertimento in D. KV 136-125a - Allegro.mp3 4:13 5.797Mb Unknown mp3
6. Divertimento in D. KV 136-125a - Andante.mp3 4:38 6.367Mb Unknown mp3
7. Divertimento in D. KV 136-125a - Presto.mp3 2:36 3.578Mb Unknown mp3
10. ''Ein musik ... 522 - Adagio cantabile.mp3 6:11 8.495Mb Unknown mp3
11. ''Ein musikalischer Spaß'' KV 522 - Presto.mp3 4:09 5.691Mb Unknown mp3
''Eine kleine N ... renade in G - Completo.wav 17:32 177.0Mb WAV audio wav
Divertimento in D. KV 136-125a - Completo.wav 11:21 114.5Mb WAV audio wav

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