Weihnachts-Oratorium

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Weihnachts-Oratorium

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dc.contributor.other Johann Sebastian Bach es
dc.contributor.other Münchener Bach-Chor es
dc.contributor.other Münchener Bach-Orchester es
dc.contributor.other Karl Richter es
dc.contributor.other Gundula Janowitz es
dc.contributor.other Christa Ludwig es
dc.contributor.other Fritz Wunderlich es
dc.contributor.other Franz Crass es
dc.coverage.spatial München, Germany es
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-24T14:15:44Z
dc.date.available 1965
dc.date.available 2012-10-24T14:15:44Z
dc.date.copyright 1984
dc.date.issued 2012-10-24
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2438
dc.description.abstract Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style—which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a profound puzzle of special codes—still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time. Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. © Robert Cummings, All Music Guide es
dc.description.tableofcontents CD 1-- Ester Teil : Am ersten Weihnacthsfeiertage ; Chor : Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, Rezitativ (Evangelist) : Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit, Rezitativ (Alt) : Nun wird mein liebster Bräutigam, Arie (Alt) : Bereite dich, Zion, mit zärtlichen Trieben, Choral : Wie soll dich empfangen, Rezitativ (Evangelist) : Und sie gebar ihren ersten Sohn, Choral (Chor-Sopran) mit Rezitativ (BaB) : Er ist auf Erden kommen arm/Wer kann die Liebe recht erhöhn, Arie (BaB) : GroBer Herr und starker König, Choral : Ach mein herzliebes Jesulein—Zweiter Teil : Am zweiten Weihnachtsfeiertage ; Sinfonia, Rezitativ (Evangelist) : Und es waten Hirten in derselben Gegend, Choral : Brich an, o schónes Morgenlicht, Rezitativ (Evangelist, Der Engel) : Und der Engel sprach zu ihnen, Rezitativ (BaB) : Was Gott dem Abraham verheiBen, Arie (Tenor) : Frohe Hirten, eilt, ach eilet, Rezitativ (Evangelist) ; Und das habt zum Zeichen, Choral : Schaut hin, dort liegt im finstern Stall, Rezitativ (BaB) : So geht denn hin, Arie (Alt) : Schlafe, mein Liebster, genieBe der Ruh, Rezitativ (Evangelist) : Und alsobald war da be idem Engel, Chor : Ehre sei Gott in der Höbe, Rezitativ (BaB) : Son recht, ihr Engel, jauchzt und singet, Choral : Wir singen dir in deinem Heer. es
dc.format.extent 58 : 78 min. es
dc.format.medium 1 CD Rom (58 min., 78 seg.) : Stereo ; 4 3/4 plg es
dc.language.iso de es
dc.rights Uninorte F.M. Estéreo es
dc.subject.lcc 12250327 es
dc.subject.lcsh Oratorios ; Christmas music. es
dc.title Weihnachts-Oratorium es
dc.title.alternative Christmas Oratorio es
dc.title.alternative Oratorio de Noël es
dc.language.rfc3066 ger es
dc.rights.holder Dr. Dieter Rexroth es
dc.identifier.classification 028941362520 es
dc.subject.cdu B.05 es


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Erster Teil; Am ... chtsfeiertage-Completo.wav 29:44 300.0Mb WAV audio Wav
Zweiter Teil; A ... chtsfeiertage-Completo.wav 33:55 342.3Mb WAV audio Wav

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