Spartacus and Gayaneh

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Spartacus and Gayaneh

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dc.contributor.other Aram Khachaturian es
dc.contributor.other London Symphony Orchestra es
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-29T16:00:22Z
dc.date.available 1977
dc.date.available 2013-08-29T16:00:22Z
dc.date.issued 2013-08-29
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3699
dc.description.abstract Although he was indicted (along with Shostakovich, Prokofiev, and a number of other prominent Soviet musicians) for "formalism," in the infamous Zhdanov decree of 1948, Aram Khachaturian was, for most of his long career, one of the Soviet musical establishment's most prized representatives. Born into an Armenian family, in Tbilisi, in 1903, Khachaturian's musical identity formed slowly, and, although a tuba player in his school band and a self-taught pianist, he wanted to be a biologist, and did not study music formally until entering Moscow's Gnesin Music Academy (as a cellist) in 1922. His considerable musical talents soon manifested themselves, and by 1925 he was studying composition privately with Gnesin himself. In 1929, Khachaturian joined Miaskovsky's composition class at the Moscow Conservatory. Khachaturian graduated in 1934, and before the completion, in 1937, of his postgraduate studies, the successful premieres of such works as the Symphony No. 2 in A Minor "With a Bell" (1935) and, especially, the Piano Concerto in D flat Major (1936) established Khachaturian as the leading Soviet composer of his generation. During the vicious government-sponsored attacks, in 1948, on the Soviet Composers' Union (in which Khachaturian, an active member since 1937, also held an administrative function) Khachaturian took a great deal of criticism. However, although he was officially censured for employing modernistic, politically incorrect musical techniques which fostered an "anti-people art," Khachaturian's music contained few, if any, of the objectionable traits found in the music of some of his more adventuresome colleagues. In retrospect, it was most likely Khachaturian's administrative role in the Union, perceived by the government as a bastion of politically incorrect music, and not his music as such, which earned him a place on the black list of 1948. Nevertheless, Khachaturian made a very full and humble apology for his artistic "errors" following the Zhdanov decree; his musical style, however, underwent no changes. Khachaturian joined the composition faculty of the Moscow Conservatory and the Gnesin Academy in 1950, and that same year he made his debut as a conductor. During the years until his death in 1978 Khachaturian made frequent European conducting appearances, and in January of 1968 he made a culturally significant trip to Washington, D.C., conducting the National Symphony Orchestra in a program of his own works. Khachaturian's characteristic musical style draws on the melodic and rhythmic vitality of Armenian folk music. Although not adverse to sharp dissonance, Khachaturian never strayed from a basically diatonic musical language. The Piano Concerto and the Violin Concerto in D Minor are truly Romantic works, virtuosic, clear, and unaffectedly expressive, remaining therefore popular and frequently performed composition. Of course, many neither of these works matches the popularity of the famous "Sabre Dance" from the ballet Gayane, which made Khachaturian a household name during World War II. His other works include film scores, songs, piano pieces, and chamber music. The degree of Khachaturian's success as a Soviet composer can be measured by his many honors, which include the 1941 Lenin Prize, for the Violin Concerto, the 1959 Stalin Prize, for the ballet Spartacus, and the title, awarded in 1954, of People's Artist. © Blair Johnston, All Music Guide es
dc.description.tableofcontents Spartacus (Ballet Highlights) ; Variation of Aegina, Adagio of Spartacus and Phrygia, The Entrance of Harmodius (Adagio of Aegina and Harmodius), Dance of the Gaditanae (The Rebels’ Approach)-- Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) ; Lezghinka, Lullaby, Sstorm, Sabre Dance, Mountaineers, Invention-- es
dc.format.extent 54:32 min. es
dc.format.medium 1 CD Rom (54 min., 32 seg) : Stereo 4 3/4 plg es
dc.language.iso en_US es
dc.rights Uninorte F.M Estéreo es
dc.subject.lcc 221561737 es
dc.subject.lcsh Ballet es
dc.title Spartacus and Gayaneh es
dc.title.alternative Ballet Highlights es
dc.title.alternative Spartacus y Gayaneh es
dc.title.alternative Destacados del Ballet es
dc.language.rfc3066 eng es
dc.identifier.classification 077776986623 es
dc.subject.cdu Kha.01 es


Files in this item

Files Length Size Format View Description
1. Spartacus (B ... - Variation of Aegina.mp3 8:08 11.15Mb MPEG Audio mp3
2. Spartacus (B ... Spartacus and Phrygia.mp3 9:52 13.53Mb MPEG Audio mp3
3. Spartacus (B ... Aefina and Harmodius).mp3 7:32 10.33Mb MPEG Audio mp3
4. Spartacus (B ... (The Rebels' Approach).mp3 6:52 9.429Mb MPEG Audio mp3
5. Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Lezghinka.mp3 2:39 3.649Mb MPEG Audio mp3
6. Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Lullaby.mp3 5:29 7.528Mb MPEG Audio mp3
7. Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Storm.mp3 5:02 6.912Mb MPEG Audio mp3
8. Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Sabre Dance.mp3 2:37 3.586Mb MPEG Audio mp3
9. Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Mountaineers.mp3 2:03 2.827Mb MPEG Audio mp3
10. Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Invention.mp3 4:40 6.405Mb MPEG Audio mp3
Spartacus (Ballet Highlights) - Completo.wav 32:15 325.5Mb WAV audio wav
Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) - Completo.wav 22:17 224.9Mb WAV audio wav

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